They should both make 0.5 growth per year, save a ruined State and develop new public facilities of local communities. And yet, after years of lobbying hard construction contractors, after intensive work led by Alain Madelin and his Liberal circles, after countless legal battles, the France still has no public-private partnerships (PPP). In these famous PPP, the State or a local community asked a private operator to design, finance, build and operate equipment. In Exchange, he undertakes to pay annually the provision provided for two or three decades. Hospitals, prisons, schools in which the State does not have the means to invest could thus be achieved. Tools combining public action and private action, the PPP is sorted alongside the concession and the delegation of public service, is where the user - the patient, the detainee or the student - cannot be used via a toll or a charge.
With the PPP, "18.5 billion euros in investments at least could be supported by private companies over the next three years, allowing the crossing create 145,000 jobs in the only area of the construction industry", explained Alain Madelin to convince end 2002 Jean-Pierre Raffarin to establish a working group involving liberal elected au gratin of the French lobby of the building and public works. Close to the former boss of liberal democracy, the architect François Gauthier saw to his peers the opportunity to return to "the initiative on the living environment of the French production". The Minister of economy and Finance of the time, Francis Mer, had added: "I see in the PPP a new ground to boost responsibly a certain volume of investments that we would, otherwise, to differ in time."
On the other hand, the Socialists felt that this type of contract is likely to encourage businesses to return to the old practices of corruption of elected officials for lucrative contracts. Architects and small construction companies feared them, pushed out the PPP the scale in relation to the de facto to the great of the sector. More generally, the PPP was considered the Trojan horse of the private sector in public action.
Where is it two years later The PPP came to be worn on the baptismal font on June 17, 2004, by order, to avoid a parliamentary guerrilla. The Constitutional Council gave a favourable opinion, but taking precaution to characterize these new markets for "exemption" to the right of the public order. Accordingly, Bercy and the Council of State had to introduce a screening assessment to justify the use of PPP for emergency or complex technical, financial, legal questions. The action against the PPP then proliferated, even if the Council of State rejected one after the other.
Legal framework having been finally asked, he would have been logical to see crab-wise competition notices in the newspapers of legal announcements both waiting was, it seems, strong. There is nothing. None of the projects prepared by the Caisse des Dépôts et Consignations last year - the incinerator of garbage towers, duplication of highways A4 and A86 near Paris, the Montmirail University of Toulouse - is out cartons. "Still missing application texts, it is expected," continually say the experts, citing as an example the Decree should define "emergency" required by the State to justify the choice of the PPP solution or guide good practices providing instructions for use of the order. However, thanks to the activism of Emmanuelle Mignon, in charge of the PPP in the cabinet of Nicolas Sarkozy to Bercy until 30 November, two major orders were published in the "Official Journal" on the eve of all saints. The first creates the "Mission to support the achievement of partnership contracts", a body to provide "support in the preparation, negotiation and follow-up of partnership contracts. Rest to appoint its members. Only Christmas Saint - Pulgent, Inspector General of Finances and editor of the order, is slated to sit.
The second order makes mandatory public competition of PPPs to amount to 150,000 euros for the State and 230,000 euros for territorial communities. But unlike that were waiting for their opponents, it does not set limit to the resources that local communities can allocate each year to the private operator. On behalf of liberalism, each customer will be left to his free will. Another shadow was on PPPs. Nicolas Sarkozy wanted to give force of law to the order by ratification by deputies and senators. It is thing made since November 18. Socialist parliamentarians immediately before the Constitutional Council, but they failed on Thursday, December 2. The last hurdle is therefore lifted.
View the accumulated delay, the Ministers of Justice and health must be welcomed to have anticipated the PPP to the private sector, non-conforming as, their prisons and their administrative priority hospitals in the form of emphyteutic leases. They are allowed, in a case by the Internal Security Act, the other by an ad hoc order of 2007 Hospital Plan. Tenders have been published. Candidates are being selected. Obviously, it now lacks PPP a political kick. Perhaps Hervé Gaymard, new tenant of Bercy, decides to jump into the water.